Another common cause of urogenital infections in females is fecal contamination that occurs because of the close proximity of the anus and the urethra. The juxtaglomerular apparatus is a renal structure consisting of the macula densa, mesangial cells, and juxtaglomerular cells. As these muscles relax, urine exits the bladder through the urethra. In some cases, prostatitis is caused by bacterial infection and can be treated with antibiotics.
Human Physiology/The Urinary System
Urinary System Structures
A full bladder stimulates sensory nerves in the bladder wall that relax the sphincter and allow release of the urine. It causes blockage by squeezing the urethra, which can make it difficult to urinate. An STI is a broader term, including colonization by organisms that may not necessarily cause disease. This is caused by the deficiency of or decrease of ADH.
Anatomy of the Urinary System
Get our awesome anatomy emails! However, relaxation of the sphincter is also in part a learned response under voluntary control. Pyelonephritis usually only becomes chronic in individuals who have malformations in or damage to the kidneys.
Category : Book:Human Physiology. The ureters are continuous with the renal pelvis and is the very center of the kidney. At the same time, waste products present in the blood are secreted into the filtrate. Next interview hot aunty nude photos